Many indigenous populations face disparities in oral health due to socio-economic or geographical disadvantages. According to historical facts, indigenous communities originally had better oral health, but that is not the same with the contemporary population. Factors like poverty, lack of education, unemployment, and inadequate housing have deteriorated the oral health sector. However, higher education institutions and accrediting authorities acknowledge the need to integrate indigenous culture into the dentistry curriculum to address the disparities. Let us look at strategies to welcome more indigenous people into dentistry. 

By improving practice

All health practitioners are supposed to initiate reforms into their practice and systematically drive the implementation of changes to solve issues in the profession. Dentists are welcoming more indigenous people into the profession to improve dentistry by helping interns become culturally competent upon graduation. For instance, dentists welcoming both indigenous staff and patients help strengthen the indigenous cultural competency in dentistry. This helps improve dental access and overcome dental workforce shortages in indigenous communities.

Training oral health professionals

Training oral health professionals other than dentists also helps in improving oral health among indigenous communities. These professionals can broaden the dentist’s ability to provide care, especially on good oral health practices and the prevention of dental problems. In many instances, many patients have reported benefiting from the specialized care provided by oral health professionals. 

There are several benefits of training oral health professionals. First, the dentists can focus on complex dental procedures and treatment planning. Secondly, dental care and service delivery become team-oriented. Thirdly, more focus is placed on preventing dental issues and oral health promotion. For instance, dental hygienists and therapists play a crucial role in spreading community-based oral hygiene promotion and prevention programs such as regular application of topical fluoride varnish in indigenous kids with higher risks to dental cavities.

Outreach training programs

Today, outreach training programs are a vital part of the dental curriculum globally. They intend to encourage dental students to practice in indigenous communities. The programs are meant to address the existing disparities in providing oral health services, such as workforce shortage in rural communities and other remote areas. The students gain valuable experience in remote and rural indigenous oral health, and the involved people can access quality oral health care. Many suggest that social media can help make the indigenous communities aware of oral healthcare but is social media helping indigenous people or not? Although these methods of acculturation and education are time-consuming, they result in more effective and sustainable dental service delivery to indigenous people.

Incorporation of some traditional practices into oral healthcare

Another way of encouraging indigenous people to join the dentistry profession is by incorporating some traditional practices into oral healthcare. This is possible because traditional dental practices are socially acceptable, easily accessible, and part of an indigenous population’s cultural heritage. Many of them suggest that western medicine has numerous challenges in regards to affordability and social acceptance. Since many traditional dental practices are scientifically accepted, the two fields can collaborate.

Concluding thoughts

To improve indigenous competence in dentistry, particularly students and academics, require an educational and philosophical approach. The plan is to work with the indigenous communities and dental schools to understand what hinders dentistry.