What are the Symptoms and Causes of Piles?

What are the Symptoms and Causes of Piles?

Nowadays, many people are suffering from hemorrhoids, also known as piles. Nearly 50 percent of adults of age 50 are experiencing the symptoms of piles. Hemorrhoid disease is the fourth leading outpatient gastrointestinal diagnosis, accounting for many million ambulatory care visits. The estimated worldwide prevalence of hemorrhoids in the general population is to be 4.4 percent. Asymptomatic is the usual condition of patients with hemorrhoids, but the common symptoms are pruritus ani, bleeding with or without defecation, mild discomfort or irritation and swelling. 

Though many hemorrhoid patients can be successfully treated with conservative medication and ointments, rarely some patients need to undergo surgery as it is in severe condition. It is now considered a significant cause of morbidity and imposes both social and economic impacts on society. The primary risk factor for causing piles are pregnancy, age, weight and diet. Below mentioned are the symptoms and causes of the piles:

What is Hemorrhoids or piles?

Similar to varicose veins, it is swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum. It has many causes, but it is unknown why it causes often. It will cause tissue growth in and around the anus, leading to significant discomfort and severe pain. It also causes localized inflammation of other tissues. It surrounds the distal rectum and anal canal, which is the anastomoses between the superior rectal artery and the superior, middle, and inferior rectal vein. It is a venous distention and distal displacement of the hemorrhoidal cushions. Straining during bowel movements will cause piles. A healthy diet can help keep the stools regular, soft and keeps us away from piles.

What are the symptoms of piles?

The symptoms of piles are categorized into three types its location, they are:

  • External Hemorrhoids

It is hemorrhoids under the skin around the anus. Its symptoms include pain or discomfort, itching or irritation in your anal region, bleeding, and Swelling around your anus.

  • Internal Hemorrhoids

These hemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. It can’t be felt or see them, and rarely cause discomfort. It will cause painless bleeding during bowel movements and you can notice small amounts of bright red blood in the toilet or your toilet tissue. It also results in pain and irritation during hemorrhoids to push through the anal opening.

  • Thrombosed Hemorrhoids

It is an external hemorrhoid containing blood pools in it and forms a clot, which results in swelling, severe pain, hard lump near the anus and severe pain.

What are the Causes of the Hemorrhoids?

The stretching of the veins around your anus under pressure may also swell and bulge. The causes for piles or hemorrhoids are due to increased pressure in the lower rectum by sitting for long periods of time on the toilet, being obese, not maintaining a healthy diet, straining during bowel movements, having chronic diarrhea or constipation, having anal intercourse, eating a low-fiber diet, regular heavy lifting, being pregnant.

Bottom Line:

As you read the above content of symptoms of piles and its causes, you are recommended to get a quick consultation with a doctor if you feel like having any symptoms. Maintain a good fiber content foods, enough amount of water and do exercise to stay fit. Hemorrhoids are not a big disease, if you start taking remedies in the stage of beginning or mild itself.